Skeptical theism defends the problem of evil by asserting that God allows an evil to happen in order to prevent a greater evil or to encourage a response that will lead to a greater good. Theodicy. Good morning to you all. The problem of evil and suffering. I need the answers to the following 50 questions. Christian beliefs about the origins of suffering in the world and how to respond to this problem vary. What is the inherent result of moral relativism? Swinburne gives the following reply: “A world in which agents can benefit each other but not do each other harm is ... 3 Two conceptions of the problem of evil An argument from known premises to the non-existence of God vs. a requirement for explanations of certain phenomena. God is omnibenevolent (all good) 4. Get one-on-one homework help from our expert tutors—available online 24/7. ... John Hick's explanations on the problem of evil are taken from the following, except: St. Thomas Aquinas [2] - 'The Problem of Evil & Some Varieties of Atheism' ... - natural evil originated from loss of order following this - world became distanced from God, leading moral evil to flourish & spread - "all evil is either sin, or punishment for sin" and all sin is committed by free agents. This preview shows page 3 - 6 out of 14 pages. The logical problem of evil is usually cast as an argument for the logical inconsistency of a number of claims that traditional theism holds.These include the claims: 1) God exists 2) God is omnipotent 3) God is omniscient 4) God is perfectly good and 5) Evil exists. Responses to the problem of evil. ... so, there are four basic approaches to the problem and each will be examined in the following sections. Ask your own questions or browse existing Q&A threads. Therefore, an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent God does not exist. 2.2.1 Good cannot exist without evil, since evil is necessary as a … An introduction to the philosophy of religion. a. The term “God” is used with a wide variety of differentmeanings. Find the best study resources around, tagged to your specific courses. The Problem of Evil. One argument, known as the free will defense, claims that evil is caused not by God but by human beings, who must be allowed to choose evil if they are to have free will. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. In response to the logical problem of evil, notable philosopher Alvin Plantinga describes such a possible reason in his famous Free Will Defense: A world containing creatures who are significantly free (and freely perform more good than evil actions) is more valuable, all else being equal, than a world containing no free creatures at all. The existence of evil makes God's existence unlikely. Instead, evil refers to what is lacking in a thing; it is a ‘privation of good’. The problem of evil is the question of how to reconcile the existence of evil and suffering with an omnipotent, omnibenevolent, and omniscient God. A variety of arguments have been offered in response to the problem of evil, and some of them have been used in both theodicies and defenses. Start studying Problem Of Evil Test. God is omniscient (all knowing) 3. The problem of evil is the most serious problem in the world and the one serious objection to the existence of God. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. God is omnipotent (all powerful) 2. We’ve got course-specific notes, study guides, and practice tests along with expert tutors. Selected Answer: God only allows evil such that brings about some greater good that outweighs the evil. Evil and suffering can sometimes make people question their religious beliefs. The following best describes Hume's "Matters of Fact" or synthetic statement except _ The subject and predicate have the same meaning, so it's always true. Originating with Greek philosopher Epicurus, the logical argument from evil is as follows:. His discussion of each is intended to make clear the reasons for which they fail to address the real problem. Question: "What is the problem of good?" Religious Studies. Our emotional and cognitive abilities are too powerful to believe the lie that evil … Scripture acknowledges the “problem of evil” Many of the Bible’s 66 individual books openly express what we would now term the “problem of evil.” In some cases, these expressions are all but a direct accusation against God, in response to the suffering the writers had seen or experienced. The … If an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent god exists, then evil does not. 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