Once mature, the dominant female changes sex to a male and will control a school of female fish. Click the picture above for more details & to view free sample pages! One interesting fact - Humphead wrasse are protogynous hermaphrodites, with some members of the population becoming male at approximately 9 years old. The fish is caught because it is a delicacy in many countries. The humphead wrasse is among the most prized species in the lucrative trade of reef fish. The humphead wrasse is also threatened by habitat loss. They are typically small fish, mostly less than 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long, although the largest, the Humphead wrasse, can measure up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). (15) The Wrasse is listed as an endangered species due to its fast decline in number. It is among the largest of the reef fishes. Humphead parrotfish use their strange, bony heads to ram into coral to break pieces off into more … Humphead wrasse facts, pictures and information for kids and adults. He breaks whole corals to find potential prey: snails, shells and sea urchins. The coloring of adult humphead wrasses can range from a dull blue-green to brilliant shades of green or purplish-blue. They roam through coral reefs in search of hard shelled prey such as mollusks, starfish, or crustaceans. Interesting Facts About the Humphead Wrasse. There are actually two types of male humphead wrasse: initial phase males and terminal phase males. Humphead Wrasse is very beautiful and interesting looking fish. (7) The Humphead Wrasse usually lives a lonely life. (6) The fish is large and has thick lips. You can find pictures, facts and information about many other endangered animals here: Become an animal expert! Often after a full moon rotation, in the early morning, females release eggs that are fertilized by the sperm circulated in the water by the male humpheads. (3) The young ones are found in shallow sandy regions whereas the adults are found in the deeper coral reef areas. Copyright © 2021 ActiveWild.com. It also thrives in New Zealand waters, notably in Nelson Bay. Its diet includes several toxic species, such as sea hares, boxfish and the crown-of-thorns starfish – a species that is known to destroy coral reefs. The Humphead Wrasse is listed as an endangered species because of the excessive harvest of this fish for various purposes. It is also considered to be ‘conservation dependent’, meaning that its survival is currently dependent on human intervention. Fact #1: Humphead wrasse has a remarkable appearance. This huge fish is important to the health of the coral reefs where it lives. The Maori Wrasse - A Colorful, Inquisitive Tropical Fish The Maori wrasse (Ophthalmolepis lineolata) is an oceanic fish that inhabits the coral reefs, rocky coasts and sandy, weedy bays off eastern and southern Australia. The family is large and diverse, with over 600 species in 82 genera. The humphead wrasse has been identified by scientists as being an ‘umbrella species’. (4) The fish is very large and grows up to 2 meters. Pictures & Facts On The Iconic Animals Of North America, With FREE Printable Worksheet. Young Humphead wrasses are most often found in shallow sandy areas alongside coral reefs, whereas adults favor deeper areas of the reef. In fact, the humphead wrasse has a rather interesting lifestyle, not least because it’s liable to change sex (from a female to a male) part-way through its life. Humphead wrasses are very long-lived fish. This giant of the ocean lives almost as long as we humans do. They are also known as Maori Wrasse, Napoleon Wrasse, and Napoleon Fish. and crustaceans. Humphead Wrasse Quick Facts Other Names: Māori wrasse, Napoleon wrasse, Napoleon fish Scientific Name: Cheilinus undulatus Type of Animal: Bony fish (Osteichthyes) Animal Family: Labridae (Wrasse family) Where Found: Indo-Pacific region Length: 0.5 to 2 … Learn Wrasse facts for kids. It has large scales that can reach up to 10 cm in diameter. Napoleon fish are carnivorous and eat during the day. All Rights Reserved. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. (16) It is one of the fishes that is caught regularly for food by the live reef fish traders. The species is much sought after, particularly as a live export for the restaurant industry. It grows up to 2 meters (6.5 ft.) in length, and weighs up to 180 kg (400 lb.). Some species, such as humphead wrasse, are listed as endangered due to over-fishing and destruction of coral reefs (their habitat). Humphead wrasse are the largest members of the wrasse family, with males reaching over 6 feet (2 meters) and females over 3 feet (1 meter) in length. (5) The Humphead Wrasse can be easily recognized by its large hump that appears on the forehead of the adult fish, that is the reason for its name. There are over 600 species of wrasse. The males are larger than the females. They are typically small fish, mostly less than 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long, although the largest, the Humphead wrasse, … It is in our hands to ensure that these giants live on in this world. Caught regularly for food by the mystique that surrounds their existence cm ( 2 inches ) 2., green and purple shades Zealand waters, notably in Nelson Bay parrotfish have an interesting way increase... Important to the Indo-Pacific region, from the sea urchins, etc. ) at any time, Napoleon. 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