reasons for greek victory in the persian wars

The origin of the Persian Empire can be attributed to the leadership of Cyrus the Great. In 479 B.C. aXAAW Ko) TaVTa eyEverO, TOv 8e oiSa avro 7TrpWrov 'vrap'avrra … For Greeks it was simply somebody who could not speak Greek language. The defeat at Thermopylae, though glorious, allowed the Persians to make in-roads into Greece. The next vital engagement was going to be at sea.In September 480 BCE at Salamis in the Saronic Gulf, the Greeks once more faced a larger enemy force. The... ...held off an army of over one million led by Xerxes I. The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. Such were the Greco-Persian Wars, often simply called the Persian Wars. It was a question of survival for the Greeks; however, for the Persians, occupying Greece was the main focus of the plan. Such factors include unity, leadership, strategy, tactics and the pre-eminence of the Greek soldier. The average soldier was very lightly armored in so that they could move rapidly. In the Greco-Persian wars from 499 BC-449 BC this colossal empire lost due to superior Greek military capabilities residing in the exceptional Greek generals and professional troop contingents. I will explore this with focus on the key battles and the important factors, most notably the timing, The Role of Themistocles in the Greek Defeat of the Persians in 480 - 479 BC. Another important reason includes the Ionian Revolt, and associated revolts. All these reasons played a crucial role in the Greek victory over the Persians in the Second Persian War. The Persian Wars were a series of destructive and malevolent battles which occurred in the time frame of 490B.C and 480 – 479B.C. The reasons for the Greek victory against the Persians in 490 to 480/479 BC was a mixture of exceptional leadership, skilful tactics and strategy, superior weapons and soldiers, and Greek unity. Start studying Greece Test #2 Persian War Reasons for Victory. though was unsuccessful. The battle finished a Persian victory but at a cost of 20,000 men to the Greek 1,000 or so. As the War of Persia was fought in fifth century, there was strong hold of Persia all over the world having number of states in their control, it was never thought that the unity of Greeks would bring downfall of the Persian Empire by merely gathering into a group. Reasons for Greek Victory and Persian Defeat. They introduce not only the main subject but also the Lydian Aoyog, both of which come into view when we read of Croesus in I, 5: cy) 8s TrepVt 1V TOVToV OVK ppXo/xat epEowv cs OVTQw ? Described by ancient writer Thucydides as ‘a man who showed an unmistakable natural genius… and deserves our admiration’, Themistocles was the most influential leader of the Athenian war effort against the Persians. Savage was what Romans used Greek word "barbar" for. The It also prevented the Persians from overwhelming the Greeks with their fleet numbering 500 ships against the Greek fleet numbering 378 ships. The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. This is the last battle. The Persian Wars refers to the conflict between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE which involved two invasions by the latter in 490 and 480 BCE. Battle of Marathon (490 B.C.E.) The Persian Wars were a series of destructive and malevolent battles which occurred in the time frame of 490B.C and 480 – 479B.C. Their strategy was largely successful, an… Start studying Greece 1.1: The Persian Wars. Ancient historians such as Aeschylus in his play ‘The Persians’ and Herodotus attribute the Greek victory to the so called ‘hubris’ or extreme confidence and arrogance showed by Xerxes. As well as this, Themistocles’ strategy in key battle such as Thermopylae, Artemisium and Salamis were vital to to war effort. Others, especially Miltiades supported an offensive strategy. Forums. contribution the key factor in bringing about a Greek victory in the Persian Wars, 480-479 BC?To a very large extent Themistocles did play the key role in bringing about a Greek victory against the Persians in 480-479BC. It was one of those times when a few Greek city/states joined together and defeated the invasion force of the massive Persian Empire. The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. While it was suitable for stopping arrows,... ...the Persian Empire, ruled by Cyrus the Great, was a major threat to the states of Greece. Despite the Greek victory, the end of the Greco-Persian Wars did not end Persia's desire to meddle in Greek affairs, nor did it lead to unity among the Greek city-states. Thus the question arises of why such an army failed to compel Greece into submission. Athens, and other Greek cities, sent aid, but were quickly forced to back down after defeat in 494 BCE. Tags: Question 4 . Aftermath of the Persian Wars. Explain the reasons for Greek victory during the Persian Wars Assess the role/s of Cimon and Arisitides. Greece was not a united nation at that time and Athens did not practice full direct Democracy until after the war. The writings of Herodotus, who was born c.484 BC, are the great source of knowledge of the history of the wars.At their beginning the Persian Empire of Darius I included all of W Asia as well as Egypt. On his invasion of Greece in the spring of 480BCE, he reportedly commanded a horde of over two million men. (Herodotus, I, 5) The opening chapters of Herodotus are concerned with the origin of the war between Greece and Persia. The Greek victory over the Persians in the Persian Wars cannot be attributed to only one factor, more it was a commixture of factors. Highlights of Persian Wars Battle of Marathon (490 B.C) Persians crossed the Aegean Sea and attacked the Athenians on a plain called Marathon outside of Athens Greeks outnumbered, but WON! It was he who realized that the Persian threat was imminent and catastrophic, and it was his radical advancement of Athenian sea power which allowed the Greeks to achieve victory over the Persians. History >> Ancient Greece The Persian Wars were a series of wars fought between the Persians and the Greeks from 492 BC to 449 BC. According the author of The Greek and Persian Wars 499-386 BC by Philip de Souza, The Persians were part of a group of ancient peoples who spoke languages similar to modern Iranian (Souza, Pg. See answer claudiaocampo3662 is waiting for your help. In fact, the impact of military factors has changed the course of history not only in the short term, but in the long term as well. The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC. We Can Help!" According to the Modern Historians Bengtson and Paul K. Davis, a Persian force of 20,000 led by the tyrant Hippias, landed at the Bay of Marathon, about 25.5 miles from Athens. Thucydides says that Themistocles had a great gift for analysing complex situations and taking action, and that is just what he did. Of his many preparations, he... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. GRECO-PERSIAN WARS. Their helmets limited their vision greatly, as well as their hearing. But what was the Persian war? The Greek victory made possible the continued existence of a distinct Greek civilization and culture, exemplified by Periclean Athens in succeeding decades in the creation and development of a unique Western civilization. The Conflict among the Greeks and the Persians all began when Athens and Eretria made the fatal mistake of embroiling themselves in the ‘Ionian Revolt’. Athens, and other Greek cities, sent aid, but were quickly forced to back down after defeat in 494 BCE. What factors led to Greek victory in the Persian Wars? Who were the Persians? All these reasons played a crucial role in the Greek victory over the Persians in the Second Persian War. The main reason that the Greeks were able to win the Second Greco-Persian War was the fact that their victory on the sea dealt a crippling blow to the land army. The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control. better strategy. Struggling to control the independent-minded cities of Ionia, the Persians appointed tyrantsto rule each of them. And, as they were hoplites (heavy infantry), their armour was extremely heavy, and very, very hot. The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world at the time of the Persian Wars. Wars The Persian Wars began when Athens agreed to come to the aid of the Greek-speaking city-states on the coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey). Add your answer and earn points. There was the first Persian war in 490 BC, but the Persians were routed. 5, Section 3 The Spartan victors stripped Athenians of their naval fleet and empire. The Greeks were victorious in the Second Persian War because of a number of factors. answer choices . Greeks who fought during the Persian wars were mostly farmers, who, at the last minute had to make their own armour or wear used armour. cassiecocaine Member . This series of wars consisted of some famous battles; Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis and Plataea which resulted in a Greek victory. The Persians lost their wars in Greece, in part, because the triumphant Greeks wrote the histories and other texts that survive; and they stressed their victories as inevitable and foreordained. This first expedition was to be known as the Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. The Greek victory made possible the continued existence of a distinct Greek civilization and culture, exemplified by Periclean Athens in succeeding decades in the creation and development of a unique Western civilization. Themistocles plan for the defense of Greece lay with its navy, and it was this belief of Themistocles, that ‘it was his ambition to unite the whole city to the sea’ (Herodotus), that formed the principal reason for the defeat of the Persians. While the first invasion had been repelled by the Greek hoplite forces, the coming wave was much too large to be beaten on land. The Spartans and the Athenians unite and the Persians flee. The key to Athens' strength in the 5th Century BC was in this general and statesman and therefore, as Greek victory relied so heavily on Athens, Themistocles vitally contributed to the outcome of the Persian king’s invasion of 480-479 BC. This would prov… The name Iran derives from the word “Asyran,” and during the first half of the first millennium, the Iranian-speaking people moved gradually into the area of the Zagros Mountains, the largest groups known as the Medes and Persians. (Handwerk, 2005). They controlled land that stretched from Egypt all the way to India. Which of these was not a result of the greek victory in the persian wars? However, this really wasn’t the case. The Persians managed to finally repel the second Persian invasion and thus set … The fifth century victory over the Persians allowed Athens to thrive, go through its golden age and develop democracy, architecture, philosophy, literature, drama. the most ... By the time of the Persian Gulf War in 1991, laser guided bombs were in widespread use. The Persian Wars began in 499 BCE, when Greeks in the Persian-controlled territory rose in the Ionian Revolt. The Greeks were victorious because they out-planned and out-thought the Persians, taking advantage of their own knowledge of the terrain and benefiting from Persians’ errors on the battlefield. The wars with Greece and Persia were a result due to rebellion, but who won the war? Cause of 1st Persian War Greek's consider this battle to be one of the most important events since they were able to defeat the large Persian army will a small force. If it had not been for him then Athens would have not used some newly found silver to build 200 new ships for their navy. Few periods are better documented than this episode of the Greek past, certainly for research on such questions. Such were the Greco-Persian Wars, often simply called the Persian Wars. Persian Wars were a series of destructive and malevolent battles which occurred in the time frame of 490B.C and 480 – 479B.C. Miltiades is credited with persuading the war archon Callimachus through a stirring speech to cast his deciding vote in favour of an offensive strategy. The Battle. - loss in marathon set the tone for the war - brings together Sparta and Athens in a superior trained army - inter period saw the hellenic league - tactics and strategies used in various battle Vastly outnumbered, the Greeks eventually triumphed by defeating their enemies at Plataea, but not before fighting one of history’s greatest military stands at Thermopylae. greek persian save the west victory wars; Home. Victory & Defeat in the Greek World Ch. The Great King of Persia, his empire encompassed the majority of the known world. The Greek offensive, although contributed to Miltiades as a brilliant strategic decision, is an important historiographical issue for modern historians. Greece was invaded twice during the Persian wars. strong central leadership. Following their defeats at the hands of the Greeks, and plagued by internal rebellions that hindered their ability to fight foreign enemies, the Persians adopted a policy of divide-and-rule. Nonetheless, the Persian Wars were important because the final result was the separation of Greece and the Near East. SURVEY . The invasion was an immediate call to the defeat of the first Persian war of Greece that lasted from 492 BC to 490 BC at the Battle of Marathon. The most significant, Xerxes’ defeat of the invasion of Greece. answer choices . Athenian democracy ensured that talented individuals rose to positions of power and influence such as Miltiades and Themistocles. But it was the Persian financing of the Pelopponesean war--it supported Sparta against Athens--that led to the defeat of Athens and the ending of the height of Athenian civ. They possessed grave trepidations because of a lack of news from the front. The collision between the fractious political world of the Greeks and the enormous empire of the Persians began when Cyrus the Great conquered the Greek-inhabited region of Ionia in 547 BC. 5, Section 3 The Spartan victors stripped Athenians of their naval fleet and empire. *** Victory & Defeat in the Greek World Ch. According to Herodotus Miltiades was the architect of several Greek strategies that achieved victory at Marathon. What was one reason Persia attacked Greece? To what extent was Themistocles responsible for the Greek victory in the Persian Wars? The second Persian war was a war of much significance to European history. 382-95, 394). Herodotus in his narrative has... ...------------------------------------------------- A brilliant and powerful Persian king, he enlarged nearby islands and united them into one empire. Strong leadership was the most important aspect of the Greek defence, as without the intelligence and bravery of the leaders, the Greeks would have been easily defeated, Aeschylus' play, The Persians, took place at the Persian Royal Palace in Susa. The Persian army relied heavily on calvary and archers The Gulf War. The Delian Leagues led by Athens was formed afterwards to protect Greece from further Persian Invasion. The answer lies in the difference in their equipment, tactics and their training. The Battle of Salamis was a turning point in the war as the Persian fleet was largely destroyed. What factors led to Greek victory in the Persian Wars? Themistocles strategy was a complete success with the Persians losing 200 ships whilst the Greeks lost only 40. The Persian Wars were fought between the Greeks and Persians over two thousand years ago. Formation of soldiers carrying shields close together for defense; any very close group of people. Make a judgement based on outcome, results and values. The average Persian soldier wore very little in the way of armor preferring mobility over protection. Such factors include unity, leadership, strategy, tactics and the pre-eminence of the Greek soldier. Unlike his more successful father Darius, Xerxes’ actions did not strengthen the Persian Empire, but led, Why the Greeks Won the Greco-Persian War Most of the Greek vessels were equipped with rams and were faster and more agile in the confined waterway. It was not, however, a victory for democracy for several reasons. Another reason is that the impressive Greek collection of literary, scientific and other texts has survived, whereas there is no such collection from Persia. The Greeks were able to win the Greco-Persian War because of their naval victories over the Persians, a few key strategic victories on land, as well as the cause for which they were fighting. 900 seconds . Who were the Persians? Get Started. Persia wanted farmland. An important feature that played significant role in making the Greeks to win Persian wars was that of their Unity against Persia. However it was Themistocles that persuaded the war council to fight at Salamis. Some scholars have shifted the focus to the Persian perspective and have explained the failure of Persia’s campaigns in Greece less as the product of Greek heroism and more as the result of poor strategic planning on the Persians’ part. It was the invasion of Greece from 480 BC to 479 BC; King Xerxes I, of Persia, was determined to conquer Greece during the Greco-Persian Wars; he had an army of over 100,000 men. After serving at the battle of Marathon, in 490BC during the first invasion, Themistocles was one of the few who realized the threat of future invasions from the eastern power of Persia. yes indeed Votes: 12 46.2% negatory Votes: 14 53.8% Total voters 26; Status Closed Prev. The mark of the ending of the Greco-Persian wars gave way to Athens arising from the ashes as the dominant and central city-state of Greece, which then provides political and cultural advancements during its golden age. The Persian Wars were a series of destructive and malevolent battles which occurred in the time frame of 490B.C and 480 – 479B.C. It depicted the emotional response of the Persian Elders, the Queen Mother Atossa, a herald, King Xerxes, and the ghost of Darius upon hearing the news of the Persian defeat at the Battle of Salamis against the Greeks. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Greeks were able to win the Greco-Persian War because of their naval victories over the Persians, a few key strategic victories on land, as well as the cause for which they were fighting. See answer claudiaocampo3662 is waiting for your help. Before departing, the ghost of Darius prophesies another Persian defeat at the Battle of Plataea (479 BCE). The time of the Persian Wars offers us our best view of Greek religion in action and of the interplay of Greek religion and history. By using Sun Tzu’s classic text to analyze the, Xerxes was a man of power. They changed meaning of it. Assess the reasons for the Greek victory over the Persians in 490 to 480/479 BC. Why was Greek victory in Persian Wars so important to not only Greeks, but Americans as well . Themistocles strategy was to lure the Persians into the narrowest part of the straits where the Greeks’ intimate knowledge of the waterway and the Persian predisposition for maintaining formations would offset the numerical disparity between them. What were the reasons for the Greek victory over the Persian forces? 2. The Persian Empire adopted a divide-and-rule strategy in relation to the Greek city-states in the wake of the Persian Wars, stoking already simmering conflicts, including the rivalry between Athens and Sparta, to protect the Persian Empire against further Greek attacks. It was one of those times when a few Greek city/states joined together and defeated the invasion force of the massive Persian Empire. Themistocles possessed an incredible foresight and began to prepare against the inevitable Persian invasion early on, his political leadership to a domestic level in Athens contributed to the state’s naval strength, and similarly, his political leadership in the conception of a united Greek defence was a significant achievement. The collision between the fractious political world of the Greeks and the enormous empire of the Persians began when Cyrus the Great conquered the Greek-inhabited region of Ionia in 547 BC. This piece will break down how Athens's involvement was a crucial component in the Greek victory over the Persians in 479 B.C. THE PERSIAN WARS *reasons for Greek victory and Persian defeat The reasons for Greek victory and Persian defeat. Consequently, many states now turned over to the Persians and Athens itself was sacked.
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